2 June 2017 - Bas Rustenburg - discussing "Sequential Monte Carlo Sampling for DSGE models"

Bas will discuss the following paper:

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/jae.2397/abstract

 

Summary We develop a sequential Monte Carlo (SMC) algorithm for estimating Bayesian dynamic stochastic general equilibrium (DSGE) models; wherein a particle approximation to the posterior is built iteratively through tempering the likelihood. Using two empirical illustrations consisting of the Smets and Wouters model and a larger news shock model we show that the SMC algorithm is better suited for multimodal and irregular posterior distributions than the widely used random walk Metropolis–Hastings algorithm. We find that a more diffuse prior for the Smets and Wouters model improves its marginal data density and that a slight modification of the prior for the news shock model leads to drastic changes in the posterior inference about the importance of news shocks for fluctuations in hours worked. Unlike standard Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) techniques; the SMC algorithm is well suited for parallel computing. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd

Summary

We develop a sequential Monte Carlo (SMC) algorithm for estimating Bayesian dynamic stochastic general equilibrium (DSGE) models; wherein a particle approximation to the posterior is built iteratively through tempering the likelihood. Using two empirical illustrations consisting of the Smets and Wouters model and a larger news shock model we show that the SMC algorithm is better suited for multimodal and irregular posterior distributions than the widely used random walk Metropolis–Hastings algorithm. We find that a more diffuse prior for the Smets and Wouters model improves its marginal data density and that a slight modification of the prior for the news shock model leads to drastic changes in the posterior inference about the importance of news shocks for fluctuations in hours worked. Unlike standard Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) techniques; the SMC algorithm is well suited for parallel computing. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd