Ancestral reconstruction reveals mechanisms of ERK regulatory evolution

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Dajun Sang, Sudarshan Pinglay, Rafal P Wiewiora, Myvizhi E Selvan, Hua Jane Lou, John D Chodera, Benjamin E Turk, Zeynep H Gümüş, and Liam J Holt. eLife 2019;8:e38805 [DOI] [eLife] [PDF] [Folding@home data]

To understand how kinase regulation by phosphorylation emerged, we reconstruct the common ancestor of CDKs and MAPKs, using biochemical experiments and massively parallel molecular simulations to study how a few mutations were sufficient to switch ERK-family kinases from high- to low-autophosphorylation.